Overview and Instructions


Research basic facts about instruments of the orchestra.

1. Names of the families
2. Names of the instruments in each family.
3. Picture of each instrument.
4. What each instrument is made of.
5. How each is played.
6. Describe what each instrument sounds like and find an audio or video clip of each.
7. At least 2 interesting facts about each instrument.

May create a web page, wiki page, knowledge map, Ebook, Powerpoint presentation, paper notebook, or complete instrument study books.


Use these websites to research each instrument.


The Music Room
San Francisco Kids
NY Philharmonic Kids
Learn About Instruments
DSO Kids
Oregon Symphony
Play Music
BSO Kids
Simple English Wikipedia
Wikipedia
FlickrCC (free, legal pictures)


Answer the questions below for each instrument.
Highlight It


String Family


Violin


Picture:
external image violins_photo2.jpg

What is it made of? It is made out of planes, chisels, gouges , knives, saws,and scrapers.


How is it played?The string are adjusted by turning the turning pegs to sterch them tighter or looser. Increasing
the tenison makes the string sound higher, loosining makes the sound lower.A shorter string sound a higher note.
At least 2 interesting facts.THE STRINGS ARE G,D,A,E IN ASCENDING ORDER.
THIS IS WHERE THE SOUND COMES OUT OF THE RESONATING BODY.

Describe its sound.BEAUTIFUL SOUND

Web address where it can be heard.

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=3

Viola


Picture: external image P12243177.jpg

What is it made of? wood

How is it played?A VIOLA IS PLAYED MUCH LIKE A VIOLIN. THE ONLY DIFFERENCE IS THAT IT'S [OBVIOUSLY] BIGGER. THE VIOLA HAS FOUR STRINGS PITCHED C,G,D,A AND IS PLAYED WITH A BOW.
At least 2 interesting facts.THE VIOLA IS AN INSTRUMENT IN THE VIOLIN FAMILY. IT IS SLIGHTLY LARGER THAN THE VIOLIN WITH A DEEPER, MELLOWER TONE.


Describe its sound.sounds wonderful


Web address where it can be HEARD:

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=3


Cello


Picture:
external image 2042RIBBONSmusicCELLO.jpg

What is it made of? THE MAIN PART OF THE CELLO IS WOOD. THE PERFLING ARE THE TWO BLACK LINES ACROSS THE EDGE, USUALLY MADE OF TINY STRIPS OF WOOD,OR JUST PAINTED ON.

How is it played?the cello is played with a bow,or by plucking the strings.it is not placed under your chin like a violin it is placed with the spike touching the floor.

At least 2 interesting facts.the cello used to be bigger.
the plural of cello celli.
the cello is the second best known instrument in the orchestra.

Describe its sound.AWESOME SOUND


Web address where it can be heard.

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6

Bass


Picture:
external image White_String_Bass.JPG

What is it made of?the bass guitar is made of wood and is generally mixed with other material such as graphite

How is it played?hold it like a normal guitar and play it like a gutiar.

At least 2 interesting facts.the bass gutitar smilliar in apperance and construction to an electric guitar.

Describe its sound.the guitar double bass sounds like this wiuwiuwiii

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=7


Woodwind Family


Flute


Picture: external image cfl-221PK_Shires1.jpg

What is it made of? its made out of nickel platted copper!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

How is it played?it is played by holding it with ur right hand and ur left and press the buttons down and it makes music.


At least 2 interesting facts.it is easier to play with and instument with a read because you don't really have to have a ombushure .
it use more air than any insturment.

Describe its sound.the sound of the flute is made by the passage of the air across metal.

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=15


Oboe


Picture: external image oboe.jpg

What is it made of? african black wood

How is it played?the air is passed through the reed .it then causes the cork to vibrate ,thus createing the beautiful sound sound of the oboe.

At least 2 interesting facts.the oboe was developed in the 17th cents.
the oboe was soon used in the orchestra in 1657

Describe its sound.the oboe is used like in a sad or romantic moment.

Web address where it can be hear??



Clarinet


Picture:
external image 317GcEhhwxL._SS400_.jpg

What is it made of :clarinets are most often made from grenadilla wood. this is a heavy black wood,the same as is used for most oboes and wooden piccols. second most common would be plastic or resin

How is it played?by blowing into the mouth piece and the reed vibrating

At least 2 interesting facts.in about 1700,the clarinet was created and developed by johanna christopher denner .it was in the middle of 18th century that the clarinet had become an indispensibal instument.

Describe its sound.the clarinet sounds like a sine wave when its played.

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=15


Bassoon


Picture:external image Bassoon_Free.png

What is it made of?the basson is made of eaither wood or plastic.

How is it played?the same like the clarinet you would have to blow in the mouth piece

At least 2 interesting facts.THE MODERN BASSON IS GENERALLY MADE OF MAPLE.

Describe its sound.

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=15


Saxophone


Picture: Include the web link where you found the picture.
googleexternal image Sax.jpg

What is it made of? its made out of brass copper or nickel

How is it played?sound is prouduced when air is blown through the the instrument causeing the reed to vibrate.

At least 2 interesting facts.the saxophone was invented in the 1840s.
in 1846 the was a double family of 14 saxophones.

Describe its sound.its pretty cool!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6


Brass Family


Trumpet


Picture:external image trumpet-main_Full.jpg

What is it made of?the trumpet is made out of brass

How is it played?you blow through the mouth piece

At least 2 interesting facts.

Describe its sound.

Web address where it can be heard.
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6


French Horn


Picture:external image French_horn_back.png

What is it made of?the french horn is made out of brass

How is it played?DROP YOUR JAW AND INHALE SO THAT YOUR LOWER CHEST EXPANDS


At least 2 interesting facts.a french horn is also called an f-horn

Describe its sound.its awesome

Web address where it can be heard.
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6


Trombone


Picture: external image Professional_Trombone_1.jpgexternal image trombone.jpg

What is it made of?there made out of brass

How is it played?YOU MAKE A BUZZING SOUND INTO THE MOUTH PIECE !!!

At least 2 interesting facts.

Describe its sound.pretty cool

Web address where it can be heard.
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6


Tuba


Picture:external image christmas-carol-2.jpg

What is it made of?its made out of brass

How is it played?

At least 2 interesting facts.

Describe its sound.so awesome

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6


Percussion Family


Snare Drumexternal image rogers_pink_strata_65_0010.jpg


Picture:

What is it made of?

How is it played?

At least 2 interesting facts.

Describe its sound. it sounds ok!!!!!!!!!!!!

Web address where it can be heard.
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6


Bass Drum


Picture: external image 125_bass%20drum_premier.jpg

What is it made of?

How is it played?you hit it with two sticks

At least 2 interesting facts.

Describe its sound.its ok


Web address where it can be heard.
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6


Timpani


Picture: googleexternal image timpano_amer_drum_mk_xiv_light.jpg

What is it made of?

How is it played?

At least 2 interesting facts.

Describe its sound.i didint like it that much!!!!!!!!!!

Web address where it can be heard.
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6


Cymbals


Picture:external image 331-Cymbals-L.jpg

What is it made of?COPPER & ZINC ALLOY

How is it played?

At least 2 interesting facts.

Describe its sound. it sounds terrifice

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6