Overview and Instructions


Research basic facts about instruments of the orchestra.

1. Names of the families
2. Names of the instruments in each family.
3. Picture of each instrument.
4. What each instrument is made of.
5. How each is played.
6. Describe what each instrument sounds like and find an audio or video clip of each.
7. At least 2 interesting facts about each instrument.

May create a web page, wiki page, knowledge map, Ebook, Powerpoint presentation, paper notebook, or complete instrument study books.


Use these websites to research each instrument.


The Music Room
San Francisco Kids
NY Philharmonic Kids
Learn About Instruments
DSO Kids
Oregon Symphony
Play Music
BSO Kids
Simple English Wikipedia
Wikipedia
FlickrCC (free, legal pictures)


Answer the questions below for each instrument.



String Family



Violin


Picture:
Becker_Violin.jpghttp://www.neenah.k12.wi.us/cl/newsletter/S03155629.1/Becker_Violin.jpg

What is it made of?
wood

How is it played?
it is played with a long bow that is
made out of wood and horse hair.

At least 2 interesting facts.
The word violin came from Middle Latin word Vitula.
The person that makes the violin is called a luthier.

Describe its sound.
high.

Web address were it can be heard.

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=3

Viola


Picture:
viola.jpg[[image:file/view/viola.jpg width="68" height="146"]] http://library.thinkquest.org/C001468F/library/interviews/viola.jpg

What is it made of?
It is made out of steel,gut,and wood.

How is it played?
It is played with a bow.

At least 2 interesting facts.
The viola E's staring is thicker then the violins E staring.

Describe its sound.
The viola sounds deeper in comparision.

Web address where it can be heard.

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=5


Cello


Picture:
cello_pa602_front_sm.jpghttp://www.courtneyandwalker.co.uk/acatalog/cello_pa602_front_sm.jpg

What is it made of?
It is made of steel,gut,and wood
How is it played?
It is played with a bow.

At least 2 interesting facts.
It's name come from the Latlian Language.
The 1st cello maker was Andrea Amati.

Describe its sound.
high

Web address where it can be heard.

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=6

Bass


Picture:
Figure-8g-BASS-VIOL.jpg
http://chestofbooks.com/home-improvement/furniture/Old/images/Figure-8g-BASS-VIOL.jpg

What is it made of?
Steel,gut,and wood.

How is it played?
It's played with a big bow.

At least 2 interesting facts.
It is the lowest sounding instrument in the staring family.
It plays many different styl
es of music.

Describe its sound.
As a low pitch.

Web address where it can be heard
.
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=7


Woodwind Family


Flute


Picture:

Yamaha-YFL-461H-Intermediate-Flute-2.jpg http://flutes-piccolos.com/images/flutes/Yamaha-YFL-461H-Intermediate-Flute-2.jpg
What is it made of?
metal

How is it played?
By bowling across holes.

At least 2 interesting facts.
Its the oldest of all the instruments.
A standard flute is a little over 2ft tall.

Describe its sound.
hi
gh

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=21

Oboe


Picture:



oboe.jpghttp://www.paddockorchestra.org/uploads/images/oboe.jpg

What is it made of?
it is made

How is it played?

hold it upright, blow through the double reeds.

At least 2 interesting facts.
There are usually 2 to 4 oboes in an orchestra.
The oboe is a 2 foot long black cylinder.

Describe its sound.
Wide range of pitches.

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=22

Clarinet


Picture:

What is it made of?
Clarinet(1).jpghttp://www.intersalesteaching.co.uk/imagesClarinet%281%29.jpg

How is it played?

by holding it upright, blowing through the reeds.

At least 2 interesting facts.
The
clarinet// could easily be mistaken for an oboe.
You play the clarinet the same way you play the oboe.

Describe its sound.
high

Web address where it can be heard

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=24

Bassoon


Picture:
Bassoon_1870.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c4/Bassoon_1870.jpg
What is it made of?
maple wood

How is it played?
You play it like the oboe.

At least 2 interesting facts.

The Bassoon is the largest and lowest
sounding member of the woodwind family.
The bassoon has 7 feet of tubing while the
contra bassoon has a whopping 16 feet!

Describe its sound.
The sound of the bassoon is sometimes
expressive like an oboe, sometimes funny,
and sometimes gruff.

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=26

Saxophone


Picture:
MAS_MAIN.jpghttp://www.kkmusicstore.com/PM/KK/MAS/MAS-1/MAS_MAIN.jpg

What is it made of?
Brass

How is it played?
single-reed mouth piece.

At least 2 interesting facts.
The saxophone mouth piece is similar to
the clarinet.The saxophone is the only woodwind
instrument that is made out of brass.

Describe its sound.
low

Web address where it can be heard

http://.www.dsokids.com/listen/instrumentdetail.aspx?instrumentID=28

Brass Family


Trumpet


Picture:
Trumpet-YTTR-018-.jpg
http://www.lzmusiccenter.com/rs/Pimages/20071114130022_67.jpg
What is it made of?

silver or brass.

How is it played?

players buzzes their lips.

At least 2 interesting facts.

it is one of the most popular and oldest brass
instrument.Kings and queens would announce their arrival.

Describe its sound.
high

Web address where it can be heard.

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=29

French Horn


Picture:


French_Horn.jpghttp://totalmusicltd.com/images/French_Horn.jpg

What is it made of?
brass

How is it played?
To blow into the hole at the
top called the
mouth piece.

At least 2 interesting facts.
it is thought to be the most difficult
brass instrument to play.
Describe its sound.
Low.
Web address where it can be heard.

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=32

Trombone


Picture:

Trombone.jpghttp://wolfswiki.pbworks.com/f/Trombone.jpg


What is it made of?
brass

How is it played?
blowing air in its mouth piece.


At least 2 interesting facts.

the only slide instrument in the brass family.
it is the only brass instrument that has no
valves.

Describe its sound.

low

Web address where it can be heard.
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=30

Tuba


Picture:
tuba_4vBB.jpghttp://wolfswiki.pbworks.com/f/tuba_4vBB.jpg

What is it made of?brass

How is it played?

by blowing air into its mouth piece.

At least 2 interesting facts.
it is the biggest brass instrument
it is the lowest sounding brass instrument.

Describe its sound.low

Web address where it can be heard
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=31

Percussion Family


Snare Drum


Picture:
ASnare.jpghttp://www.brdistribution.co.uk/acatalog/ASnare.jpg

What is it made of?
curled metal wire and metal,
cable,plastic cable,or gut cords
stretched across the drum head.

How is it played?
striking it with a drumstick.

At least 2 interesting facts.

Describe its sound.
high pitched.

Web address where it can be heard.

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=4

Bass Drum



Picture:

bass_drum.jpg
.http://www.3rdmoleseyscouts.org.uk/images/band/bass_drum.jpg

What is it made of?
curled metal wire and metal,
cable,plastic cable,or gut cords
stretched across the drum head.

How is it played?
striking it with a drumstick.

At least 2 interesting facts.

Describe its sound.
low definite or indefinite pitch.

Web address where it can be heard.

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=10

Timpani


Picture:
timpani.jpghttp://ngfl.northumberland.gov.uk/music/orchestra/images/percussion/timpani.jpg
What is it made of?
two heads attached to either side of a shells.
How is it played?
it is played with a large soft-headed mallet.

At least 2 interesting facts.
they are also called the kettle drums.

Describe its sound.
low

Web address where it can be heard.

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=10

Cymbals


Picture:
580938.jpghttp://img3.musiciansfriend.com/dbase/pics/products/9/3/8/580938.jpg
What is it made of?

How is it played?

At least 2 interesting facts.

Describe its sound.

Web address where it can be heard

http://www.dsokids.com/listen/InstrumentDetail.aspx?instrumentID=9